Neuroscience is unique in that it incorporates an understanding of science on multiple levels, from a molecular understanding of events such as with receptors, at the synaptic level, to a global understanding of the sensory/motor tracts and their spatial interactions. It is by understanding all these concepts that a student can better grasp the clinical presentations of neurological disorders and the theory behind treatment options. The student should thus approach each neuroscience topic from both aspects if applicable. For example, when studying multiple sclerosis (MS), the student should understand that on the molecular level this disease involves destruction of oligodendrocytes, which are responsible for creating and maintaining myelin sheaths around axons of the central nervous system. The student should then review the nodes of Ranvier and concepts pertaining to saltatory conduction. Next, the student should take a step back and look at the condition from a neuroanatomic perspective. For example, if the patient with MS presents with left impaired adduction on right gaze, but has normal convergence, and normal left abduction on left gaze, not only should the student be able to diagnose the patient with a left intranuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO), but should also understand that the lesion is in the left medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) and then proceed to review the anatomy of the MLF tract (ie, that the left MLF yokes the left cranial nucleus VI to the right cranial nucleus III). The student should strive for an understanding such that symptoms should make sense rather than rely on blind memorization!